Subnational REDD+ initiatives present an opportunity to compare different approaches to quantifying impacts on carbon emissions. This study (1) develops a Before-After-Control-Intervention (BACI) method to assess the effectiveness of 23 subnational REDD+ initiatives in Brazil, Peru, Cameroon, Tanzania, Indonesia and Vietnam; (2) compares the results at different scales; and (3) compares BACI with the simpler Before-After (BA) results.
Limited data exists on emissions from agriculture-driven deforestation, and available data are typically uncertain. In this paper, we provide comparable estimates of emissions from all deforestation and agriculture-driven deforestation, with uncertainties for 91 countries across the tropics between 1990 and 2015.
The need for data on drivers and activities causing forest carbon change have been highlighted as central components in REDD+ readiness efforts. Assessment of direct and indirect drivers on the national level is often lacking or incomplete. This thesis explores the role of remote sensing for monitoring tropical forests for REDD+ in general, and for assessing land use and related carbon emissions linked to drivers of tropical deforestation in particular.
Remote sensing technologies can provide objective, practical and cost-effective solutions for developing and maintaining REDD+ monitoring systems. This paper reviews the potential and status of available remote sensing data sources with a focus on synergies among various approaches and evolving technologies.